Competencies

School of Public Health Competencies Health Policy and Management

  • Identify the main components and issues of the organization, financing and delivery of health services and public health systems in the United States.
  • Describe the legal and ethical bases for public health and health services.
  • Explain methods of ensuring community health safety and preparedness.
  • Discuss the policy process for improving the health status of populations.
  • Apply the principles of program planning, development, budgeting, management and evaluation in organizational and community initiatives.
  • Apply principles of strategic planning and marketing to public health.
  • Apply quality and performance improvement concepts to address organizational performance issues.
  • Apply systems thinking for resolving organizational problems.
  • Communicate health policy and management issues using appropriate channels and technologies.
  • Demonstrate leadership skills for building partnerships. 
  • Define and discuss how rural status may impact cost, quality and access to health care
  • Explain unique laws regulations and payment polities that may impact the delivery of health care in rural areas.
  • Explain how public health service delivery in rural areas differs from that in urban and suburban areas.
  • Apply theory and strategy-based communication principles across different settings and audiences.

 
School of Public Health Cross-Cutting Competencies: Communication and Informatics

  • Describe how societal, organizational, and individual factors influence and are influenced by public health communications.
  • Discuss the influences of social, organizational and individual factors on the use of information technology by end users.
  • Describe how the public health information infrastructure is used to collect, process, maintain, and disseminate data.
  • Demonstrate effective written and oral skills for communicating with different audiences in the context of professional public health activities.
  • Use informatics methods and resources as strategic tools to promote public health.
  • Use information technology to access, evaluate, and interpret public health data.
  • Use informatics and communication methods to advocate for community public health programs and policies.
  • Collaborate with communication and informatics specialists in the process of design, implementation, and evaluation of public health programs.
  • Apply legal and ethical principles to the use of information technology and resources in public health settings.

School of Public Health Cross-Cutting Competencies: Diversity & Culture

  • Describe the roles of, history, power, privilege and structural inequality in producing health disparities.
  • Explain how professional ethics and practices relate to equity and accountability in diverse community settings.
  • Explain why cultural competence alone cannot address health disparity.
  • Discuss the importance and characteristics of a sustainable diverse public health workforce.
  • Use the basic concepts and skills involved in culturally appropriate community engagement and empowerment with diverse communities.
  • Apply the principles of community-based participatory research to improve health in diverse populations.
  • Differentiate among availability, acceptability, and accessibility of health care across diverse populations.
  • Differentiate between linguistic competence, cultural competency, and health literacy in public health practice.
  • Cite examples of situations where consideration of culture-specific needs resulted in a more effective modification or adaptation of a health intervention.
  • Develop public health programs and strategies responsive to the diverse cultural values and traditions of the communities being served.

School of Public Health Cross-Cutting Competencies: Leadership

  • Describe the attributes of leadership in public health.
  • Describe alternative strategies for collaboration and partnership among organizations, focused on public health goals.
  • Articulate an achievable mission, set of core values, and vision.
  • Engage in dialogue and learning from others to advance public health
  • Demonstrate team building, negotiation, and conflict management skills.
  • Demonstrate transparency, integrity, and honesty in all actions.
  • Use collaborative methods for achieving organizational and community health goals. 

School of Public Health Cross-Cutting Competencies: Public Health Biology 

  • Specify the role of the immune system in population health.
  • Describe how behavior alters human biology.
  • Identify the ethical, social and legal issues implied by public health biology.
  • Explain the biological and molecular basis of public health.
  • Explain the role of biology in the ecological model of population-based
  • Explain how genetics and genomics affect disease processes and public health policy and practice.
  • Articulate how biological, chemical and physical agents affect human
  • Apply biological principles to development and implementation of disease prevention, control, or management programs.
  • Apply evidence-based biological and molecular concepts to inform public health laws, policies, and regulations.
  • Integrate general biological and molecular concepts into public health.

 
School of Public Health Cross-Cutting Competencies: Professionalism

  • Discuss sentinel events in the history and development of the public health profession and their relevance for practice in the field.
  • Apply basic principles of ethical analysis (e.g. the Public Health Code of Ethics, human rights framework, other moral theories) to issues of public health practice and policy.
  • Apply evidence-based principles and the scientific knowledge base to critical evaluation and decision-making in public health.
  • Apply the core functions of assessment, policy development, and assurance in the analysis of public health problems and their solutions.
  • Promote high standards of personal and organizational integrity, compassion, honesty and respect for all people.
  • Analyze determinants of health and disease using an ecological framework.
  • Analyze the potential impacts of legal and regulatory environments on the conduct of ethical public health research and practice.
  • Distinguish between population and individual ethical considerations in relation to the benefits, costs, and burdens of public health programs.
  • Embrace a definition of public health that captures the unique characteristics of the field (e.g., population-focused, community-oriented, prevention-motivated and rooted in social justice) and how these contribute to professional practice.
  • Appreciate the importance of working collaboratively with diverse communities and constituencies (e.g. researchers, practitioners, agencies and organizations).
  • Value commitment to lifelong learning and professional service including active participation in professional organizations.

School of Public Health Cross-Cutting Competencies: Program Planning

  • Describe how social, behavioral, environmental, and biological factors contribute to specific individual and community health outcomes.
  • Describe the tasks necessary to assure that program implementation occurs as intended.
  • Explain how the findings of a program evaluation can be used.
  • Explain the contribution of logic models in program development, implementation, and evaluation.
  • Differentiate among goals, measurable objectives, related activities, and expected outcomes for a public health program.
  • Differentiate the purposes of formative, process, and outcome evaluation.
  • Differentiate between qualitative and quantitative evaluation methods in relation to their strengths, limitations, and appropriate uses, and emphases on reliability and validity.
  • Prepare a program budget with justification.
  • In collaboration with others, prioritize individual, organizational, and community concerns and resources for public health programs.
  • Assess evaluation reports in relation to their quality, utility, and impact on public health.


School of Public Health Cross-Cutting Competencies: Systems Thinking

  • Identify characteristics of a system.
  • Identify unintended consequences produced by changes made to a public health system.
  • Provide examples of feedback loops and “stocks and flows” within a public health system.
  • Explain how systems (e.g. individuals, social networks, organizations, and communities) may be viewed as systems within systems in the analysis of public health problems.
  • Explain how systems models can be tested and validated.
  • Explain how the contexts of gender, race, poverty, history, migration, and culture are important in the design of interventions within public health systems.
  • Illustrate how changes in public health systems (including input, processes, and output) can be measured.
  • Analyze inter-relationships among systems that influence the quality of life of people in their communities.
  • Analyze the effects of political, social and economic policies on public health systems at the local, state, national and international levels.
  • Analyze the impact of global trends and interdependencies on public health related problems and systems.
  • Assess strengths and weaknesses of applying the systems approach to public health problems.
  • Apply social justice and human rights principles when addressing community needs.
  • Develop strategies to motivate others for collaborative problem solving, decision-making, and evaluation.  
  • The School of Public Health has identified core master's in public health competencies for students upon graduation. 

NCHL Competencies

  • The National Center for Health care Leadership has developed competencies required for outstanding healthcare leadership for the future.

  • The NCHL Competency model, along with further information can be found here.