CHOT Quarterly News - Summer 2015

Perioperative care coordination: Implications for residency program training
in the United States

CHOT researchers at Texas A&M University and the American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) identified a specific skill set that physicians engaged in surgical care will need to better coordinate and manage care from the pre-operative phase to post discharge.  To determine which medical specialties have the educational edge and to identify which gaps in education remain unfilled, medical specialty board certification requirements from four specialties (anesthesiology, family medicine, internal medicine, and surgery) were compared to the skill set.  Based on this gap analysis, the researchers found that all four specialties were well-qualified to provide preoperative elements of patient care; however, education on intraoperative and postoperative best practices were generally lacking. Overall, anesthesiologists appeared to bethe most qualified to provide perioperative care based on current educational emphases of residency programs, although significant gaps still existed in the board certification requirement and therefore, residency curriculum.

Cline, K. M., Roopani, R., Kash, B. A., & Vetter, T. R. (2015). Residency Board Certification Requirements and Preoperative Surgical Home Activities in the United States: Comparing Anesthesiology, Family Medicine, Internal Medicine, and Surgery. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 120(6), 1420-1425.

For more information please contact: Bita Kash, PhD at bakash@sph.tamhsc.edu

perioperative care

Association of food environment and food retailers with obesity in US adults

Over the past 20 years, the prevalence of obesity has drastically increased in the United States. CHOT researchers at Pennsylvania State University looked at the distribution of food retailers by type and obesity rate to gain a better understanding of how food retailers might be affecting obesity rates.  The researchers found that there was an association between the density of food retailer type and the rate of obesity.  These results can be used when designing effective interventions based on food retailor type since they found a positive association with obesity rates in metropolitan areas when looking at supercenter and convenience store density and a negative association when looking at specialized food stores and grocery stores.

Yan, R., Bastian, N. D., & Griffin, P. M. (2015). Association of food environment and food retailers with obesity in US adults. Health & place, 33, 19-24.

For more information please contact: Harriet Nembhard, PhD at hbnembhard@me.com.

poor food choices